The project took place in the second half of the 6th c BC by the engineer Eupalinos of Megara (in west Attica), during the period of Polycrates tyranny. The aim of the project was to supply water from the source of “Agiades”, (hidden at the mountain away from enemies), to the ancient city of Samos, through mount “Kastron”. The result was a remarkable water pipeline, total length 2,385 meters, of which 1,035 passes through the tunnel.
The Temple of Goddess Hera was the main sanctuary of ancient Samos, and one of the most important of the world at the time. It was built on the banks of the river Imvrasos where the goddess Hera, according to the legend, was born. It’s located at the southeastern coast of the island and about 6 kilometers southwest of the ancient city of Samos (today Pythagorion), to which the holy place was connected via the “sacred road”.
According to author Ep.Stamatiades the mountain’s name derives from the Greek verb “κέρκω” that means “hit with noise”, and it is referred to the sound that the waves produce when they are crushing on its craggy coasts. Another view is that the name has been given after “Kerketes”, tribe from Asia Minor who came as miners.
Its highest top is Vigla in 1.434 m., around it, there other peaks,such as “Prophet Helias”, “Zastano”, “Diemen” (Ntemen Aga), “Mademia” and more, with altitude more than 1.000 m..
Traces of a centuries-old and important history is etched in every corner of Samos island. Findings from the Prehistoric and Archaic Periods, unique works from Classical, Hellenistic, Medieval and Byzantine, creations from folk art cultures, presented at the modern museums that Samos island featuring. Whoever really wants to understand Samos, its history and its people, he will find an unrivalled cultural experience through traveling into the area and chronological period of Samos culture.
Samos consists of 2 towns and 34 villages, which make up the municipality of Samos. The municipality is divided in four sections, Vathi with 9 communities (villages), Karlovasi with 10 communities (villages), Pythagorean with 11 communities (villages) and Marathokampou with 5 communities (villages).
Samos has 17 monasteries, monumental with harmonious proportions, where built in beautiful and evocative sites, witness for the deep religious feeling of Samians but also the expanded cenobitic monastic tradition of Samos.
Many travelers come to Samos maybe for the history, the culture, the nature, the monasterys, diving, surfing or even the food, but one thing it’s for sure, the beaches, for relaxing, swimming and sunbathing in the golden sand beaches, with the crystal clear sea. Just select one of dozens different beaches and enjoy it.
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Villa Flora Samos apartments